Volcanic eruptions usually are not unusual in Iceland, which is residence to 33 lively volcano techniques, the best quantity in Europe.
However the Reykjanes peninsula had not skilled an eruption for eight centuries till 2021.
Since then, three eruptions have struck – all in distant, uninhabited areas – and volcanologists say this could possibly be the beginning of a brand new period of exercise within the area.
Earlier eruptions close to the Fagradalsfjall volcano on the Reykjanes peninsula befell in 2021, 2022 and earlier this 12 months.
In 2010, the eruption of Iceland’s long-dormant Eyjafjallajokull volcano – an ice-capped volcano greater than 1,660 metres tall – shot enormous quantities of ash into the environment. That huge, explosive eruption was not deadly, however compelled the cancellation of round 100,000 flights and left greater than 10 million travellers stranded.
Located within the North Atlantic, Iceland straddles the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a crack within the ocean ground separating the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates.